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Progress at World Trade Center Development

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Dr. N. Subramanian
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PostPosted: Tue Sep 16, 2014 7:05 pm    Post subject: Progress at World Trade Center Development Reply with quote

Progress at World Trade Center Development
By Nadine M. Post

Photo By Nadine M. Post/ENR
The 1,776-ft-tall One World Trade Center is expected to open this fall.Lower Manhattan's beleaguered World Trade Centerredevelopment is inching slowly forward, with some major milestones expected in the next year or so.

Located on the site of what was 6 World Trade Center, this $3.9 billion tower is the centerpiece of the new World Trade Center. The 104-story, three-million-square-foot skyscraper, designed by David Childs of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, officially rises to 1,776 feet (roof is 1,368 feet), and it was declared the tallest building in the U.S. by the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, topping Chicago's Sears Willis Tower. Port Authority Vice Chairman Scott Rechler said Tuesday that it will open this November with a 60 percent occupancy. Conde Nast is the anchor tenant with 1.1 million square feet, and other tenants includeServcorp, KiDS Creative, BMB Group, and Legends Hospitality. A three-level public observation deck on floors 100 to 102, approximately 1,250 feet up, will open sometime next year.

[One World Trade Center. Photo: Port Authority]

"We all wish we could have gotten [the redevelopment] done faster, but that does not diminish the pride we all should feel," said Larry Silverstein, the developer's chairman, at a Sept. 9 press conference. "It didn't happen overnight, and there were plenty out there who doubted it would ever succeed," said the developer of the completed 7 WTC and 4 WTC and the planned 2 WTC and 3 WTC.

[One World Trade Center. Photo: Port Authority]

[Rendering of 2 World Trade Center. Via Silverstein Properties]
2 World Trade Center
Also known as 200 Greenwich Street, this office tower, designed by Norman Foster of London-based Foster + Partners, is slated to be 88 stories and 1,349-feet-tall, which will make it the second tallest of the World Trade Center buildings. While foundation work was completed back in 2013, Silverstein has no immediate plans to move ahead with the 88-story 2 WTC—the fourth office building within the 16-acre site—until a tenant is secured. The building sits completed to only street level.

3 World Trade Center
The Richard Rogers-designed 3 World Trade Center has been stuck at seven stories for several years, but eventually the tower will rise to 80 stories. Silverstein said Tuesday that he has financing to complete the building by early 2018, which is welcome news. Currently, the tower only has one future tenant; GroupM signed on awhile ago for 20 percent of the building. The original 3 World Trade Center was the Marriott hotel that was angled in between the Twin Towers on the southwest corner of the site.
Work restarted last month on the concrete core of 3 WTC, after the port authority board of directors agreed in late June to free up some of Silverstein’s insurance money to restart construction. Currently, about 200 workers are bringing the reinforced concrete core up to the 14th floor. Then, structural steel will follow, assuming permanent financing is secured.  Silverstein expects to be able to issue enough Liberty Bonds in the next month to finance the remainder of the tower’s construction, says a spokesman for the developer.

[4 World Trade Center. Photo: Will Femia]
4 World Trade Center
Designed by Fumihiko Maki of the Tokyo-based architectural firm Maki & Associates, 4 World Trade Center (150 Greenwich Street) was the first building to open in the new WTC complex. It tops out at 977 feet and 72 stories, and the architecture world absolutely loves the design. One critic called it "shimmering perfection," and the American Institute of Architects honored it in its annual awards. Tenants, which include the Port Authority, will move next month (they had to build out their spaces themselves).

[Old rendering for 5 World Trade Center (right).]
5 World Trade Center
Also known as 130 Liberty Street, this is one of the less talked about pieces of the World Trade Center. It was to have been the 42-story headquarters of JPMorgan Chase, but that fell through and construction of the Kohn Pederson Fox-designed building is currently on hold. KPF might not even end up being the architect behind whatever eventually is built there as the Port Authority has not made a final decision. There is no date for the future of the project. The site originally had the Deutsche Bank Building, which was heavily damaged and contaminated on 9/11 and is now gone. A temporary plaza currently exists on the site.

[7 World Trade Center. Photo by Sweenyr via Wikipedia]
7 World Trade Center
Located just north of the World Trade Center, 7 WTC shares the complex's name, but is technically separate from the 16-acre development. Having opened in May 2006, it was the first tower rebuilt after the attacks. Standing 741 feet and 52-stories-tall and designed by a team from Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, it sits on the same site as the old 7 World Trade Center. It was fully leased as of 2011.

[9/11 Memorial plaza. Photo: Evan Bindelglass]
9/11 Memorial
The 9/11 Memorial is a large public plaza officially called "Reflecting Absence." It features rows of trees and benches around two recessed pools, which sit in the footprints of the Twin Towers. Water cascades down the sides and disappears into a second recessed area, the bottoms of which cannot be seen from the plaza. The memorial opened to victims' families on September 11, 2011 and to the public the day after. Tickets were previously needed to visit the memorial, but after the surrounding barriers were removed this spring, the public can now just walk in off the street. This 9/11 will mark the first anniversary it will be open at night and completely open to the public.

[The "Last Column" inside the 9/11 Museum.]
9/11 Museum
Almost entirely underground, the 9/11 Museum holds a number of artifacts and exhibits connected to the site's history and the 2001 terrorist attacks. Artifacts in the haunting, hallowed space include the Survivors' Staircase, FDNY fire trucks, an ambulance, and the "last column." After some delay, it was dedicated on May 16 of this year and opened to the public on May 21.

Photo by Nadine M. Post/ENRCompletion of the nearly $4-billion World Trade Center Transportation Hub is expected in about a year.

[World Trade Center Transportation Hub. Photo: Port Authority]
WTC Transportation Hub
Also known as the Oculus, the 150-foot-tall winged structure is currently under construction and was designed by Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava. The Port Authority said it will be third largest transportation center in the city. It will connect the PATH trains, 11 subway lines, World Trade Center towers 1-4, the memorial plaza, Brookfield Place (formerly the World Financial Center), and the Battery Park City ferry terminal. It will also hold 225,000 square feet of retail space. The Port Authority currently lists a 2015 completion date, but that is reportedly eight years behind schedule and $2 billion over budget

[former image of Performing Arts Center at the World Trade Center, Photo: Gehry Partners]
In other WTC developments, the board of the stalled Performing Arts Center at the World Trade Center is currently considering hiring a new architect from three finalists, having thrown out a decade-old design by Frank Gehry. The board will not release the names of the finalists or any other details of the project.

The $1.4-billion Fulton Transit Center, originally scheduled to open in June, currently is set to open in December. The center is intended to improve access and connections among 11 subway lines and will provide an underground pedestrian link to the hub.

The museum component of the National September 11 Memorial & Museum opened in May. To date, there have been nearly 900,000 visitors. The memorial opened in 2011.

Daniel Libeskind, the WTC master planner, said, "We only need a little more patience" to see the completion of his vision for a mix of public space and commercial development. For this project, "you can't be just a planner, you have to be a believer," he said.


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